Perceptions of equal opportunity climate in a military setting : correlates and consequences

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Cameron, James E.
dc.coverage.spatial Canada
dc.creator Schwartz, Sandra A. 2011-05-09T12:32:08Z 2011-05-09T12:32:08Z 2001
dc.identifier.other UB419 C2 S39 2001
dc.description iv, 97 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
dc.description Includes abstract and appendices.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 78-90).
dc.description.abstract An array of workplace characteristics are typically associated with an increased prevalence of sexual harassment. As well, there are a number of individual differences indicating employees who are likely to be most affected by the experience of sexual harassment. A traditionally male occupation with a predominately male workforce should exhibit the highest levels of sexual harassment. Women in blue-collar positions should be most vulnerable to the negative impact. Using a military sample of over 1800 active service members, this study examined these relationships in a military environment of the Canadian Forces (CF). Responses to the Military Equal Opportunity Climate Survey (MEOCS), the Mixed Gender Opinion Questionnaire (MGOQ), the CF Equity Attitudes scale and the Perceived Consequences of Equity scale suggest that perceptions of sexual harassment in the CF are very low, with no differences between gender and rank. Further analysis explored the potential of attitudes toward equity to moderate the relationship between sexual harassment and the outcome measures of job satisfaction, organizational commitment and effectiveness. Attitudes towards women's place in the Canadian Forces and the belief in equal opportunity for women moderated the relationship between sexual harassment and both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Results are discussed within the framework of Modern-Sexism. Low levels of perceived sexual harassment, low levels of job satisfaction for female officers compared to female enlisted personnel or males of either rank, high attrition levels for females, and moderate shows of support for equity related programs all lend credence to the interpretation of a new form of discrimination, distinct from traditional forms. Recommendations are made for further exploration of the validity as well as the utility of this interpretation.
dc.description.provenance Made available in DSpace on 2011-05-09T12:32:08Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 en
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Halifax, N.S. : Saint Mary's University
dc.subject.lcc UB419.C2
dc.subject.lcsh Canada. Canadian Armed Forces
dc.subject.lcsh Sex discrimination in employment -- Canada
dc.subject.lcsh Affirmative action programs -- Canada
dc.subject.lcsh Sexual harassment -- Canada
dc.subject.lcsh Soldiers -- Canada -- Attitudes
dc.title Perceptions of equal opportunity climate in a military setting : correlates and consequences
dc.type Text Master of Science in Applied Psychology Masters Psychology Saint Mary's University (Halifax, N.S.)
 Find Full text

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


My Account